GPA stands for grade point average.
In the U.S it’s a standard way of measuring academic achievements. Today it is the traditional way by which high schools measure and compare their students’ academic achievement.
GPA is one of the most important criteria for admission to a good college. A higher GPA with an above-average GRE / SAT score will get you to the top 100 colleges.
GPA tells about your academic record as it clearly shows your ability to perform well in academics.
Usually, students can find their high school GPA by viewing their unofficial transcript or asking their guidance counsellors.
You also calculate your GPA on your own by using our free Final grade calculator.
As mentioned above, your grade point average (GPA) is an indicator of your academic success in high school. Though, not all high schools use the same GPA scale to find this meaning.
Actually, There are 2 types of GPA:-
GPA accounts for honours and AP designations, granting you more credit for more challenging courses. Weighted GPA ranges from 0 to 5.0.
It is an average of the grades that you have earned without accounting for the rigour of their associated courses. Generally, the unweighted GPA scale ranges from 0 to 4.0.
In the schools where the weighted scale is used much to give more points to honours and AP classes. Let us take an example, students who earn an A in AP Calculus would receive a 5.0 on a weighted scale and only a 4.0 on an unweighted scale.
In addition, some schools grant mid-level course ranking points between the standard and the AP groups. It depends on the school whether A in an honours class is 4.0, 4.5, or 5.0.
As we all know that GPA is a very important aspect of college admissions.
But now the thing is how you can know where your GPA falls? Many colleges use a 4.0 scale to assess your academic results, so to assess how you match up against other admissions applicants; you will need to convert the sum of your grades numerically.
Let us check the basics first.
As discussed above, GPA is representative of your academic success in high school.
Unweighted GPA is an average of the grades that you have earned without accounting for the rigour of their associated courses and weighted GPA accounts for honours and AP designations, granting you more credit for more challenging courses.
Today, the 4.0 GPA scale is the most widely used GPA scale. A 4.0 GPA scale represents an A or A+, with each full grade being a full point lower: 3.0=B, 2.0=C, and 1.0=D.
Where you see + to the scale, it means that you have an additional one-third of a point while minuses reflect the subtraction of one-third of a point. For example, an A- is a 3.7, and a B+ is a 3.3. An A+, however, is the same value as an A: 4.0.
Also Read: Study Strategies for Final Exams
It is not easy to convert your college GPA to a 4.0 scale. You cannot simply say that 95 on a 100 point scale is 4.0. You have to take into account the credits each course is worth and the rigour of the courses. Though you can follow these simple steps to convert your GPA using the standard GPA scale of the college:
You can use the following chart to confirm your grade on a 4.0 scale:
2. Weight your grades.
Add a full point to any IB or AP course, and a half-point to any honours course. For example, an A in an AP course, normally a 4.0, would be a 5.0. An A in an honours course, normally a 4.0, would be a 4.5.
Below is the chart of a hypothetical student, their transcript, and what GPA values they have received for each grade.
3. Calculate your full GPA on a 4.0 scale.
The first thing you have to do is to multiply each weighted or unweighted grade by the number of credits associated with the course. Now add these values.
Here, the financial literacy class worth only .5 credits while all other courses are worth 1 credit. This means that we can add all the other values and halve the Financial Literacy GPA value.
Unweighted GPA values:
4(4)+4(4)+3(3.3)+4(3.7)+3(3)+3(4)+2(4) = 88.4
Weighted GPA values:
4(5)+4(4.5)+3(3.3)+4(4.7)+3(3)+3(4.5)+2(4) = 97.2
Now you have to divide the total by the number of total credits you have earned.
88.4 / 23 = 3.84
97.2 / 23 = 4.23
You must convert all applicable grades to either semester hours or quarter hours if some of your credits are semester hours and some are quarter hours.
Choose the transcript(s) with the least number of hours and convert them to the other. Convert the transcript to semester hours if the transcript with the least number of hours is in quarter hours.
Include only the grade for the passed class if you failed a freshman or sophomore-level course and then passed it. If you failed a class and never retook it, the failed course must be considered while calculating your grade point average.
Have both the passing and failing grades in the grade point average calculation if you failed a junior- or senior-level course and retook it with a passing grade.
You will be entering up to three of the following grade point averages:
Calculate this average by adding up all graduate-level classes you’ve taken after graduating with your bachelor’s degree. Coursework done at a junior or community college level in the United States is not considered graduate-level work and should not be included.
To convert letter grades to a numerical value, most institutions have numeric equivalents. When determining your grade point average, please consult the documentation provided by your institution to determine the appropriate equivalents.
Please use the following conversion if your institution does not have numeric equivalents:
A = 4.00
B = 3.00
C = 2.00
D = 1.00
F = 0
Follow the steps above to determine your grade point average after converting your letter grades to numeric equivalents.
Divide your credit points by your credit hours to get your semester GPA.
Credit hours = 3
Letter Grade A+
Credit points = 12
Now after calculating your semester GPA is 4.0
Divide your total course hours by your cumulative points to get your average GPA. Fill in the hours and points from your previous courses. Your most recent semester’s hours, points, and GPA will be automatically determined.
There is no other solution to improving one’s GPA, and what works for one person does not work for another. However, when attempting to improve one’s GPA, there are specific general guidelines and study behaviours that can be beneficial.
When you actively attend classes, you learn new things. Your professors may give necessary information to you that you may not be able to get from your outside sources. It can severely hurt your GPA if you miss information about a change in exam location or material.
Each student has a unique learning style.
Some people choose to work extended periods to complete a task, while others prefer to take frequent breaks.
There is no perfect plan, and how a person approaches studying depends on their learning style and keeping to a study schedule that suits their needs.
When reporting to any application you must put your weighted 4.0 scale GPA. Also, there are many colleges that recalculate GPA according to their own measures. If your high school is ranked well then it will also provide an additional gauge for colleges to understand your academic performance.
Your GPA tells about your performance against other admissions candidates because GPA score is universally used.
You should never compare yourself to the candidates of other high schools and the reason behind this is that you are dealing with various conditions and circumstances. GPA meaning varies from school to school as 4 from one school could mean something different at another.
Also, you should never use your GPA to inform a definitive conclusion that you will get selected to your chosen college or not. There are few colleges that perform a holistic analysis of your application, meaning that your GPA is just one aspect of your profile.
There no such word as Good or Bad while accounting for GPA. The reason is that colleges know that students come from different backgrounds and high schools where they have their own factors while considering GPA.